The Emotional Quotient
Inventory (EQ-i®)


The Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i®) is the first scientifically validated and most widely used Emotional Intelligence assessment in the world. Based on more than 20 years of research worldwide, the EQ-i examines an individual's social and emotional strengths and weaknesses.

Respondents self-report on their life and workplace performance in 15 key areas of emotional skill that have been proven to contribute to proficiency in complex business activities such as conflict resolution and planning. By identifying the areas that need improvement, the client can immediately begin developing those areas. At the same time, areas where the client excels can be leveraged to their full potential to maximize effectiveness in daily tasks.

A number of manuals are available to help you administer and interpret EQ-i results. The Technical Manual provides detailed information about the administration, scoring, interpretation, development, norming, reliability, and the validity of the EQ-i. The User's Manual is ideal for professionals who require only essential information on administration, scoring, and interpretation. The Administrator's Guide provides users with step-by-step information on administration procedures, maintaining confidentiality, and obtaining informed consent. This guide is ideal for use during the administration of the EQ-i inventory. A number of different reports are available for the EQ-i to help you interpret scores and communicate results to clients.


Stress Management
General Mood
Positive Impression
Inconsistency Index


We offer results from our assessments in a number of different report types. These detailed reports highlight and frame information differently depending on their type. The following report options are available for the EQ-i®.

Business Report

The EQ-i Business Report is a new report for human capital development in organizational settings. Robust in its content, the Business Report contains business-specific strategies and action plans that are more compatible and meaningful in the workplace. Content on all 15 EQ-i subscales allows you to work with the respondent to focus on emotional and social skills that are consistent with job performance metrics. Separate sections containing results, development strategies, and action planning exercises make feedback sessions more streamlined.

Leadership Report

This report helps you identify and groom the best leaders. It can be used to help with leadership assessment, leadership placement, training of leadership skills, and understanding potential derailers. Results on the 15 EQ-i subscales reveal the respondents' strengths and weaknesses inpeople-, process-, and organization-oriented leadership styles, and on four pillars of leadership behavior. Leadership Reports are available online; however, you can administer the EQ-i with paper materials and then fax in your response sheets for scoring. You then log into our secure website to score and download the results.

When you score a Leadership Report, you will also receive an EQ-i Resource Report at no additional cost. You are also given the option to print the report by section or in full. The administrator receives reports with numeric and non-numeric interpretive guidelines:

Research Library

Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) research summary
This Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) research summary is broken down into 9 distinct categories. The categories include Reviews, Technical Manuals, Industrial/Organizational, Clinical, Education, Health/Well Being, Forensics, Psychometrics and Sport Performance. Some categories are broken down in subcategories, for example, the Industrial/Organizational section is divided into the following subsections: Leadership/Management, Team Development, Selection/Star Performer, and Job Performance.

Leadership Skills and Emotional Intelligence

The Center for Creative Leadership has helped leaders understand and develop emotional intelligence competencies for over thirty years. Benchmarks®, CCL's multi-rater feedback tool, helps managers move beyond intellectual know-how and expand their emotional intelligence. This study compares scores on Benchmarks® to self-reported emotional intelligence as measured by the EQ-i®. Results showed that key leadership skills and perspectives are related to aspects of emotional intelligence and the absence of emotional intelligence was related to career derailment.

Exploring the Relationship Between the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: Applications for Professional Development Practices

The MBTI and the BarOn EQ-i are both widely used for professional development, although minimal research has been conducted on the relationship between these instruments. In this study, the MBTI and the EQ-i were administered to 34 MBA students and 23 working professionals. The findings show significant correlations on numerous scales, which are defined and discussed, along with practical applications.

Return on Emotion Predicting and Improving Human Performance

"A leader's intelligence has to have a strong emotional component. He has to have high levels of self-awareness, maturity, and self-control. No doubt emotional intelligence is more rare than book smarts, but my experience says it is actually more important in the making of a leader." - Jack Welch, former Chairman and CEO, General Electric Co.

This paper compares two leading Emotional Intelligence assessments, the EQ-i and the MSCEIT, addressing the unique advantages of each model. Case studies, practical applications and positive results of developing emotional intelligence are also discussed.

Technical Information

The EQ-i is recognized as a scientific measure of Emotional Intelligence by the Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations (EI Consortium) and the Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook. Buros, the leading publication for critical analysis of tests and measurements, evaluated the EQ-i as a sound measure of Emotional Intelligence. This approval of psychometric quality is a very important marker of proper test development.

Early versions of the EQ-i were completed by 2,868 subjects in six countries. In addition to providing cross-cultural norms for the inventory, this preliminary piloting of the inventory was important for item selection and modification, continued scale development and validation,and establishing the final response format.

The final 133-item version of the EQ-i boasts a normative database of nearly 4,000 participants, ranging widely in age and ethnicity.

Collecting normative data is an important part of test development. Norms establish a baseline against which all subsequent results are compared, and they enable the test developer to capture the characteristics of an 'average' respondent. Norms indicate the average performance on a test and the frequency of deviation above and below the average. The larger and more representative the normative database, the more accurate and indicative the results.

About the Author

Dr. Reuven Bar-On, Ph.D.

Dr. Reuven Bar-On is a clinical psychologist who currently works as a senior consultant for a variety of Israeli institutions and organizations, which include the Ministry of Education, the Foreign Ministry, and the Israeli Defense Forces. He received his Ph.D. from Rhodes University in South Africa in 1988.

Born in San Diego, California, Dr. Bar-On moved to Israel in 1964. Since 1972,when he received his M.A. in psychology, he has been intensively involved in clinical work, research, supervision, and teaching, including a lectureship at the Tel Aviv University Medical School. From 1978 to 1989, he served as an officer in the Mental Health Division of the Israeli Defense Forces. As part of the Israeli Defense Forces, Dr. Bar-On took on a number of responsibilities, including overseeing the military's participation in the first Israeli psychiatric epidemiological study and establishing the first mobile clinic for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder related to combat stress during the 1982 war in Lebanon. Dr. Bar-On has lived in the United States, Israel, Italy, and South Africa, where he has studied, practiced, and carried out extensive research in various areas of psychology.

The EQ-i is the result of 17 years of Dr. Bar-On's research on emotional intelligence. His research has crossed borders into eleven countries in an effort to develop a cross-cultural approach to describing and assessing emotional intelligence. In association with Multi-Health Systems, he has recently accumulated the final data for the standardization of the EQ-i in the United States and Canada.

Dr. Bar-On officially introduced the EQ-i at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention in Toronto, Canada in August 1996.

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